Types Of Organizational Behavior: A Comprehensive Overview

Organizational behavior is a study that focuses on the behavior of groups, individuals, and companies in the workplace. 

OB study examines how people and groups interact and how the organizational structures and processes influence behavior to a great extent.

Overview of organizational behavior

Organizational Behavior, often abbreviated as OB, is a multidisciplinary field of study that examines how individuals, groups, and structures within an organization interact with each other and how these interactions impact the organization’s overall performance and success.

It is a branch of social science that draws from various disciplines, including psychology, sociology, anthropology, management, and economics, to understand and analyze the complex dynamics at play in workplaces.

Types Of Organizational Behavior

Type 1: Autocratic Model

The Autocratic Model is characterized by a hierarchical structure where decision-making power is concentrated at the top. In such organizations, leaders make decisions without consulting employees, and there is little room for employee input.

This model can be effective in situations requiring quick and decisive actions, but it may lead to decreased employee morale and creativity.

Advantages And Drawbacks of the Autocratic Model

Decision-makingQuick and efficient decision-makingLack of input from team members can lead to poor decisions
Clear directionProvides clear direction and visionCan stifle creativity and innovation
AccountabilityAccountability is clearly definedLimited transparency, which can breed resentment
Crisis managementEffective in crisis situationsOverreliance on the leader can lead to dependency
ConsistencyMaintains consistency in executionPotential for resistance and dissatisfaction
Time-savingReduces time spent on consensus-buildingCan lead to high turnover and burnout among team members
ControlLeader has full control over decisions and actionsLack of employee empowerment and engagement

Type 2: Custodial Model

The Custodial Model focuses on meeting the economic and security needs of employees. Organizations following this model provide job security, benefits, and a comfortable work environment to motivate and retain employees.

While it can foster loyalty, it may stifle innovation and individuality.

Advantages And Drawbacks of the Custodial Model

SecurityHigh level of security and controlMay not address the root causes of criminal behavior
DeterrenceActs as a deterrent to crimeLimited focus on rehabilitation
Public SafetyProtects society from dangerous individualsA simple and straightforward approach
Order MaintenanceMaintains order within correctional facilitiesCan create a tense and hostile environment
PunishmentServes as a form of punishmentMay not effectively reduce recidivism
CostsLower operational costsHigh costs associated with security
SimplicityThis can lead to abuse of power by staffNeglects individual needs and circumstances
Risk MitigationReduces the risk of inmate misconductPotential for human rights violations
AccountabilityEasier to monitor and control inmatesThis may lead to the dehumanization of inmates
ReintegrationMay prevent contact with criminal networksMay lead to the dehumanization of inmates

Type 3: Supportive Model

The Supportive Model emphasizes creating a harmonious work environment where leaders support employees both professionally and personally.

Communication, mentorship, and a sense of belonging are key components. This model promotes employee satisfaction and can enhance creativity and collaboration.

Advantages And Drawbacks of the Supportive Model

Provides emotional support and validation.May lead to codependency or enabling behaviors.
Encourages a sense of belonging and connection.Can sometimes reinforce negative behaviors.
Can boost self-esteem and self-confidence.May not address underlying issues effectively.
Fosters a positive and empathetic environment.May not promote personal growth and independence.
Useful for short-term crisis intervention.Can be draining for the supporter.

Type 4: Collegial Model

In the Collegial Model, organizations are akin to partnerships, with employees having a significant say in decision-making.

This model thrives on open communication and teamwork, fostering a sense of ownership among employees. However, it may slow down decision-making processes.

Advantages And Drawbacks of the Collegial Model

– Promotes collaboration and teamwork.– May lead to conflicts or disagreements.
– Encourages diverse perspectives and ideas.– Decision-making can be slow and cumbersome.
– Enhances creativity and innovation.– May lack clear leadership and accountability.
– Allows for shared responsibilities.– Difficult to implement in hierarchical structures.
– Supports skill development and learning.– Consensus may not always be achievable.

Type 5: System Model

The System Model views organizations as complex systems where various components, such as people, processes, and technology, interact.

Changes in one component can affect the entire system. This model encourages adaptability and a holistic approach to problem-solving.

Advantages And Drawbacks of the System Model

– Emphasizes efficiency and consistency.– May oversimplify complex real-world situations.
– Provides clear structures and processes.– Can be rigid and resistant to change.
– Facilitates monitoring and control.– May lead to bureaucracy and red tape.
– Offers predictability and stability.– Creativity and innovation can be stifled.
– Suitable for large organizations and industries.– May not adapt well to dynamic environments.

Goals of organizational behavior

Understanding Behavior in the Workplace

The first objective of organizational behavior would be to understand workplace behavior. This involves studying how people’s groups and other organizations behave in the workplace and how they interact with them. 

By understanding behavior in the workplace, managers can make perfect decisions and create optimum strategies to achieve their objectives.

Predicting behavior in the office

The second objective here is to predict behavior in the workplace. By understanding how people and groups behave, managers can foretell how they will act. 

This can help the managers identify the potential issues even before they occur and take some steps to prevent them. 

For instance, if the manager knows that the employee is prone to be late, they can ensure the employee arrives on time.

Influencing Behavior in the Workplace

Organizational behavior is an objective to influence behavior in the workplace. It includes using strategies to change the behavior of groups and individuals to achieve corporate goals. 

For instance, if the manager wants to enhance employment activity, they would introduce a reward system to encourage employees to work harder.

Improving the organizational effectiveness

The objective involves creating a perfect work environment conducive to motivation, productivity, and job satisfaction. By improving organizational effectiveness, managers can enhance the overall performance of the company’s

Improving employee well being

The objective is to improve their well-being by creating a work environment that promotes the employees’ physical, mental, and emotional health. 

By improving employee well-being, managers can enhance job satisfaction and reduce employee turnover and productivity.

Additionally, organizational behavior also looks forward to improving job satisfaction among employees. 

Job satisfaction concerns employees’ attitude towards their job and their organization. Employees delighted with their work will most likely be more productive and engaged with the company. 

Developing effective teams

Organizational behavior also has the goal of developing effective teams within the company. Effective teamwork is essential to achieve corporate objectives. 

By understanding various group dynamics and team processes, managers can create productive, collaborative, and innovative teams; this involves identifying all the strengths and weaknesses of the team members and assigning tasks that play to their strengths.  

At the same time, organizational behavior looks forward to encouraging teamwork and collaboration. 

It creates a work environment promoting cooperation, communication, and employee collaboration. 

By encouraging teamwork and collaboration, managers can enhance the effectiveness of the company and create a favorable work environment.

Managing change

The objective of organizational behavior is to manage changes within the company. Change is inevitable in any company. Managing change effectively is significant for maintaining productivity and employee morale.

Understanding the process of changing things and the factors that affect them will make it easy for managers to develop new strategies to facilitate change and reduce the negative impact on employees when creating effective teams; organizational behavior also promotes diversity and inclusion. 

Diversity is all about the differences between individuals, like age, gender, ethnicity, and religion. By promoting diversity and inclusion, managers can create a more innovative and creative work environment as employees from different backgrounds bring unique perspectives and ideas.

The goals of organizational behavior are entirely focused on understanding, predicting, and influencing behavior in the workplace. 

By achieving all these objectives, managers can create a perfect work environment that is productive, positive, and conducive to the employer’s work. Understanding the goal is very important for employees and managers at the same time.

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